23 May 2024

Instant single-cell recovery after genome editing

Recent studies reveal full-length laminin-521 matrix, Biolaminin®, significantly enhances single-cell survival of stem cells, boosting cloning efficiency for both basic research and clinical applications.

Over a decade ago, the development of recombinant laminin-521 coating matrix replaced feeder cells for pluripotent stem cell (PSC) culture, enabling single-cell passaging. The intrinsic signaling from laminin, naturally present in the stem cell microenvironment, even obviated the need for apoptosis inhibitors. Now, it is demonstrated that laminin-521 markedly enhances survival of a single stem cell post gene editing and sorting.

The switch to Biolaminin 521 matrix had the most profound impact on enhancing survival of genome-edited single cells

In a study published in Stem Cell Reports by Namipashaki et al. 2023, switching the matrix to Biolaminin 521 increased single-cell survival from 36 % to 70 %, accompanied by an outstanding transfection efficiency exceeding 97 %. This optimization of the cell culture matrix had the most significant impact on the cloning efficiency of CRISPR-edited iPSCs.

Figure 1. The most substantial enhancement in cloning efficiency and single-cell survival is achieved through the transition from another matrix to Biolaminin (condition #4), compared to optimization of media or cloning supplements.

A scalable protocol for stable clonal stem cell lines with superior recovery on Biolaminin 521

The efficacy of Biolaminin 521 was further acknowledged in the defined hPSC single-cell cloning protocol by Tristan and colleagues (Nature Protocols, 2023). The protocol details cloning with a small-molecule cocktail, utilizing microfluidics-based cell sorting and repeated automated live-cell imaging. Biolaminin 521 is strongly recommended over Vitronectin to improve single-cell survival and efficiency. Their strategy promotes the viability and cell fitness of self-renewing stem cells, producing stable clonal cell lines in a scalable way.

Figure 2. Single cells are supported by the recombinant Biolaminin matrix that harnesses the intrinsic properties of the natural extracellular matrix found within the in vivo stem cell niche.


Biolaminin 521 LN (LN521)
Biolaminin 521 CTG (CT521)

More about Biolaminin 521

Single-cell cloning is a method used to isolate and propagate a single cell into a colony of genetically identical cells, often including genome editing. This process is commonly utilized in stem cell research and in therapeutic applications such as in precision medicine.

In addition to providing fast cell recovery, Biolaminin 521 is a pure matrix suitable for automated imaging for clone quality control. Using the same matrix from PSC maintenance to new clone expansion and differentiation results in a maximally stable cell behavior.

Tristan, C.A., Hong, H., Jethmalani, Y. et al. Efficient and safe single-cell cloning of human pluripotent stem cells using the CEPT cocktail. Nat Protoc 18, 58–80 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41596-022-00753-z

Namipashaki A, Pugsley K, Liu X. et al. Integration of xeno-free single-cell cloning in CRISPR-mediated DNA editing of human iPSCs improves homogeneity and methodological efficiency of cellular disease modeling. Stem Cell Reports 18, 2515–2527 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.stemcr.2023.10.013

Vallone, V. F., Telugu, N. S., Fischer, I., Miller, D., Schommer, S.,Diecke, S., & Stachelscheid, H. (2020). Methods for automatedsingle cell isolation and sub-cloning of human pluripotent stemcells.Current Protocols in Stem Cell Biology,55,e123. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpsc.123

Rodin, S., Antonsson, L., Hovatta, O. et al. Monolayer culturing and cloning of human pluripotent stem cells on laminin-521–based matrices under xeno-free and chemically defined conditions. Nat Protoc 9, 2354–2368 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1038/nprot.2014.159

Figure 2 is created with BioRender.

Instant single-cell recovery after genome editing

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