Cancer stem cells
Powerful tools for in vivo CSC drug discovery and basic cancer research
Featured research tools from ABclonal for classic cancer research topic – Tumor-associated macrophage phenotyping biomarkers
Among the multiple immune cells, macrophages plays an important role throughout the tumor progression process. They are converted into tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) when they are recruited into the tumor microenvironment. Induced by different microenvironmental signals, macrophages would polarize into two functional phenotypes, classically activated macrophages (M1) and alternatively activated macrophages (M2). M2 macrophages are often further subdivided into M2a, M2b, M2c, and M2d based on phenotypic variations.
As a promising targets for tumor therapy, more and more researches are focusing on TAMs. The functional biomarkers of TAMs are often used to evaluate or define the subpopulations of TAMs. According to a large number of experimental studies, TAMs biomarkers can be approximately classified into the following types: cell surface markers, transcription factors, cytokines & chemokines, growth factors, mtabolic enzymes, extracellular matrix (ECM) components.
|Types of biomarkers||Potential biomarkers|
|Cell surface markers||CD206, CD163, TGFβ receptor, CD40, CD80, CD86|
|Transcription factors||STAT1, STAT3, STAT6, IRF3 ,IRF4, IRF5, IRF7|
|Cytokines & chemokines||TNFα, IL1β, IL12, IL10, ALOX15, CCL18, CCL2, CCL5, CCL7,CXCL8, CXCL12, M-CSF|
|Growth factors||EGF, VEGF, PDGF, FGF, TGFβ|
|Metabolic enzymes||iNOS, Arginase 1|
|iNOS Rabbit pAb (A0312)|
|Arginase 1 (ARG1) Rabbit mAb (A4923)|
|Phospho-STAT1-Y701 Rabbit mAb (AP0054)|
|Phospho-STAT3-Y705 Rabbit mAb (AP0705)|
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